Five Thoughts on Oracle Security


Five different security related posts to which I have contributed on dba.stackexchange.com. I did not necessarily provide the accepted answer for these, but felt that the questions posed were interesting enough to warrant a mention.

Top STIG – Part 6 (OS Accounts)


The final installment in my series on CAT I STIG controls is all about the use (or not) of the server operating system accounts that support the Oracle database. Two controls address the use of and access to the Oracle software installation account, and one addresses the privileges associated with individual user accounts for DBAs. … Continue reading Top STIG – Part 6 (OS Accounts)

Top STIG – Part 5 (Default Passwords)


One of the most common attack vectors for any hacker is checking to see if you have reset default passwords on service and administrator accounts. Almost every piece of hardware or software comes with some default way to login the first time, and a lot of people are really bad at changing those credentials to be more secure. Oracle databases and DBAs are no exception...

Top STIG – Part 3 (Software Support)


The next CAT I STIG control in this series is less technical and more about policy. Like all of the others, however, it requires the DBA to be aware of things beyond their immediate day to day workload, and involved in the planning, design, and development of the system technology stack...

Top STIG – Part 2 (Obscuring Credentials)


Applications must obscure feedback of authentication information; when using command-line tools such as Oracle SQL*Plus, which can accept a plain-text password, users must use an alternative logon method that does not expose the password.

Oracle 12c Database STIG Breakdown


This post contains a listing of all 199 Oracle 12c Database STIG controls from Release 16 (24 January 2020), organized by the five major categories of database security...

How To Complete a STIG Review


The simplest way to complete a DISA Secure Technical Implementation Guide (STIG) review is to start at the beginning of the checklist and work through it, one control item at a time. As you read each control, the information will be broken down into several distinct areas: metadata, content, and findings. Each control has metadata … Continue reading How To Complete a STIG Review

FIPS is a Four Letter Word


FIPS is a four letter word. It is also a source of some confusion when it comes to the Oracle database and DISA STIG compliance, which I will attempt to sort out to the best of my ability in this post.

code-obfuscation-toolkit


The code-obfuscation-toolkit allows you to obfuscate the source code of a variety of stored programs, including procedures, functions, package bodies, and type bodies. When wrapping an object, to further obfuscate the original code in the event that it is ever unwrapped, all comments and line breaks can also be removed.

AntiVirus for my Database Server?


I've seen a couple of Oracle Community and AskTom posts over the last year or two about installing anti-virus software on Oracle database servers. Usually it is because someone in security told the sysadmin or the DBA that they had to install some kind of AV software because it was required. Been there; done that. I found out the hard way that doing so was a bad idea...

Automatically Protecting PII Data Columns with Transparent Data Encryption


What if you have a lot of potential PII data and you need to enforce some additional safeguards on it? How do I make this information actionable, and better yet how do I automate that action as much as possible?

The Rules of the Road


What needs to be done? Before a driver heads out on the road, it is important for him or her to know the rules. Not just common sense stuff like "don't drive on the wrong side of the road", but the actual rules and laws that govern what you're about to do, like obeying a … Continue reading The Rules of the Road

Production vs. Development Systems


There are several STIG items that deal with the differences between production and non-production systems. Rule Title: Developers should not be assigned excessive privileges on production databases. Vuln ID: V-15114 Severity: CAT III Rule Version (STIG-ID): DG0089-ORACLE11 Discussion: Developers play a unique role and represent a specific type of threat to the security of the DBMS. … Continue reading Production vs. Development Systems

Software Version Support


Two DB Installation STIG items relate to the version of Oracle software in use: Rule Title: Vendor supported software is evaluated and patched against newly found vulnerabilities. STIG ID: DG0001-ORACLE11 Rule ID: SV-24339r1_rule Vuln ID: V-5658 Severity: CAT I Discussion: Unsupported software versions are not patched by vendors to address newly discovered security versions. An … Continue reading Software Version Support